Lee SP, Cunningham ML, Hines PC, Joneckis CC, Orringer EP, Parise LV.
Sickle red blood cell (RBC) adhesion to the endothelium and to exposed, underlying subendothelial proteins is believed to contribute to vascular occlusion in sickle cell disease. Laminin, a major component of the subendothelium, supports significant adhesion of sickle, but not normal RBCs. The purpose of this study was to define the adhesive region for sickle RBCs within a human laminin preparation using a flow adhesion assay designed to mimic physiologic flow through postcapillary venules. Because sickle RBCs did not adhere to the common laminin contaminants entactin or collagen type IV, neither of these proteins are likely to contribute to the observed adhesion to laminin. Known adhesive regions of laminin neither supported nor inhibited sickle RBC adhesion to laminin, suggesting a mechanism of adhesion previously uncharacterized in other laminin adhesion studies. Moreover, sickle RBCs did not adhere to mouse EHS laminin or to human laminin-2 (merosin), eliminating the alpha1, alpha2, beta1, and gamma1 chains as mediators of sickle cell adhesion. The monoclonal antibody 4C7, which binds at or near the G-domain of the laminin alpha5 chain, significantly inhibited sickle RBC adhesion. These results suggest that an adhesive region for sickle RBCs is contained within the laminin alpha5 chain.
Copyright 1998 by The American Society of Hematology.